“高尔夫”是GOLF的音译，由四个英文词汇的首字母缩写构成。它们分别是： Green, Oxygen, Light, Friendship。意思是"绿色，氧气，阳光，友谊"，它是一种把享受大自然乐趣、体育锻炼和游戏集于一身的运动。高尔夫球运动是一种以棒击球入穴的球类运动。如今，现代高尔夫球运动已经成为贵族运动的代名词，是中国古代一种名为“捶丸”的球戏演变而来的。
"GOLF", a transliteration of GOLF, is made up of four acronyms. They are: Green, Oxygen, Light, Friendship. It means "green, oxygen, sunshine, friendship". It is a kind of sport that combines the enjoyment of nature, physical exercise and games. Golf is a ball game in which the ball is put into the hole with a club. Nowadays, modern golf has become the synonym of noble sports, which is evolved from the ancient Chinese game called “chuiwan”.
According to legend, Scotland is the birthplace of golf. At that time, shepherds used to drive sheep to hit stones with a long and accurate shot. This is the early game of golf.
Golf was introduced to the United States in the 19th century. In 1922, the world's first international competition was the walker cup golf match between the United States and Britain. Golf was introduced into China at the beginning of the 20th century. Golf is played on an outdoor lawn with 9 or 18 holes. Players hit the hole one by one, to hit the number of times less win. The competition generally divides the singles and the team two kinds.
The first open golf tournament was held in England in 1860. In this year, India, Canada, New Zealand, the United States and other countries have held competitions, and then international, intercontinental and international competitions. The World Cup, England and the us open are arguably the highest level of competition in golf.
Golf originated in Scotland in the 15th century. At that time, shepherds used their sheep sticks to play a game of hitting stones to see who could hit the stone far and accurately. This game later became golf. In the film the hobbit, Gandalf said the origin of golf is: "Bilbo Baggins's great-great-great great-grandfather uncle" roar "cow figure in green space battle against the orcs army, fierce swing stick down the orc king head lun, the head directly fly a few hundred meters away into the rabbit hole. So you won that battle and you invented golf!" This paragraph at that time in the cinema laugh a lot of audience!!
Golf is a very gentlemanly sport. The painting of "pushing pills mural" in the yuan dynasty also proves that "chuiwan" is now golf.
The "xuanzong xingle chart" painted in the Ming dynasty also confirms this view. Healthy xuanzong is staring at the front, as if thinking about how to swing the ball. The tree in the middle looks like a big window. Up to about 10 meters, xuanzong will be ready to hit the ball over the tree. In one corner there are caddies running over with clubs. In fact, chuiwan developed from the "football" in mainland China. It is impossible to know when it began. The book "the classic of pills" was a book to elaborate the rules of chuiwan.
Chuiwan is played in the same way as golf. For example, "when a round ball is raised high, it falls into the nest", "whoever hits the ball falls into the nest wins", "the ball moves, or rises, or slants, or turns, depending on the place of the nest", "or strikes on the ground or on the knees, there are many programs". These accounts clearly show that when a person is playing the ball, he can only hit the ball up as high as he stands, and the ball will slide in an arc in the air. Only when he passes the "obstacle" and falls into the nest can he win. Like today's golf game, chuiwan then have side spin ball, inside and outside spin ball and other different ways of hitting the ball. In addition to the standing and kneeling strokes, there are many positions.